If you own a property with your ex-partner that you both shared, you may be able to make a TOLATA claim. Our solicitors are experts in co-ownership dispute resolution and are highly experienced in making and defending TOLATA claims.
Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 (TOLATA) claims are a type of claim that are used to determine the ownership of property that has been under joint or sole ownership. These claims are often between cohabiting couples but can also be between cohabiting friends or family members.
There are a few different types of TOLATA claim that can be made, these types are; Express Declarations of Trust, Resulting Trust, and Constructive Trust.
An express declaration of trust is a document that outlines the interests of parties in a property. It is the most common type of land trust and identifies the property, the trustees, and the beneficial interests of each of the parties.
Express declarations of trusts can be used in TOLATA claims to help identify the legal owner of a property following cohabitation.
A resulting trust is a type of trust that is imposed by law without the need for an express agreement. These types of trust occur when one party has made a financial contribution to the purchase of a property but the property is registered under the name of someone else.
For example, if you were to contribute £100,000 towards the purchase of a £200,000 property registered under your partner’s name, a resulting trust would determine 50% ownership in your favour.
In the case of a TOLATA claim, a resulting trust may arise provided that there is sufficient evidence to suggest that the funds were provided to the registered owner of the property.
A constructive trust is a type of trust designed to prevent injustice or unfairness. They are often flexible and can arise in a variety of situations.
For example, if you and a partner agree to purchase a property together but your partner then buys a property in their sole name without your knowledge a constructive trust may be imposed in your favour. Another example is where you may have provided funds towards the improvement of a property (such as paying for renovations) a constructive trust may be imposed providing you with part ownership of the property.
A TOLATA claim may result in a constructive trust being imposed provided there is sufficient evidence to back your claim. If you wish to make a TOLATA claim, please contact our team today!
TOLATA claims arise when there is a dispute between two or more parties about the ownership of a particular property. These claims can arise for a variety of reasons, including divorce or in other co-ownership situations, for example when a property is left jointly between siblings on the death of a parent.
TOLATA claims can arise when there is a dispute between the legal and beneficial ownership of a property. In this case, the legal owner of a property would be the person who is listed as the registered owner.
However, someone who has provided funds to help purchase or improve the property may be entitled to partial ownership of the property as a beneficial owner.
Another situation where a TOLATA claim may arise is between unmarried cohabitees. In this situation, you may have moved in with your partner into their property but you are not married. If you have helped fund improvements to the property or have lived together for a long period of time a TOLATA claim may grant part ownership of the property.
However, it is important to try and resolve these situations amicably as raising a claim could result in further disputes.
In some cases, TOLATA claims can arise between family members in a family home. This kind of claim is viable when you have lived with family members for a long period of time and also have a reasonable expectation of remaining in the property.
In this case, a reasonable expectation could be that you’re a live-in carer for a member of your family.
The Trusts of Land and Appointment of Trustees Act 1996 is a piece of legislation that governs trusts of land. This legislation was enacted to reform the law on trusts of land and properties. Some key features of the legislation include:
The rights of an owner of a property are often greater than the rights of an occupier. The owner of a property has the right to use, possess, and dispose of the property as they see fit. They can also decide who and under what conditions someone can occupy the property.
An occupier of a property only has the right to occupy the property in accordance with the terms that they agreed with the owner.
As with any dispute, it is highly recommended that the issue is resolved amicably before seeking third party or court intervention. However, if you wish to involve a 3rd party to help resolve the dispute we recommend mediation services as they can help come to an amicable conclusion to the dispute.
Choosing an ADR can help reduce the cost of resolution of your dispute by avoiding costly court fees as well as, in many cases, reduce the damage to the relationship of involved parties. If you wish to resolve your dispute through mediation, contact our team today!
With dispute resolution or court proceedings the longer the issue is left the worse it can get. If you have an issue please do not hesitate to contact us for a free
There are a number of grounds for a TOLATA claim, including:
The cost of making a TOLATA claim will vary depending on the level of complexity in the case. Although, it is important to note that making a TOLATA claim can often be expensive since they often give rise to court fees and require expert witnesses.
While a solicitor is not required to make a TOLATA claim, it is highly recommended that you seek legal advice from one before making a claim. A solicitor will be able to advise you on the merits of your claim as well as help you navigate the legal process.
If you don’t know your leasehold from your freehold, then get our Free Conveyancing Guide. It contains details about the steps you will need to take with any property transactions. The Guide giving you detailed guidance on what your lawyer will be doing for you and what to look out for.
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